IBM unveils new roadmap for the era of practical quantum computing; Plan to deliver 4000+ Qubit System

Organized by intelligent software and new modular and network processors to take advantage of quantum and classical strengths for near-term quantum advantage

• Qiskit Runtime to increase accessibility, simplicity, and quantum computing power for developers at scale

• The ability to scale, without compromising speed and quality, will lay the foundation for quantum-centric supercomputers

• Leading quantum security capabilities to protect today’s enterprise data from “harvest now, decrypt later” attacks

May 10, 2022

Armonk, New York, May 10, 2022 – IBM (New York Stock Exchange: IBM) today announced expanding its roadmap to achieving practical large-scale quantum computing. This roadmap outlines plans for new modular architectures and networks that will allow IBM quantum systems to have even larger qubit numbers – up to hundreds of thousands of qubits. To enable the speed and quality needed for practical quantum computing, IBM plans to continue building an increasingly intelligent software coordination layer to efficiently distribute workloads and abstract infrastructure challenges.

IBM’s work to usher in the era of practical quantum computing will leverage three pillars: robust and scalable quantum devices. Sophisticated quantum software to organize and enable powerful and accessible quantum software; A vast global ecosystem of organizations and communities ready for you.

“In just two years, our team has made amazing progress on our current quantum roadmap. Implementing our vision has given us a clear vision of the quantum future and what it will take to get us into the era of quantum computing,” said Dario Gil, Senior Vice President, Director of Research at IBM. Process.” “Through the Qiskit Runtime platform, advances in hardware and software, and the theoretical goals outlined in our roadmap, we intend to usher in the era of quantum-focused supercomputers that will open up large and powerful computing spaces for the community of developers, partners, and customers. “

IBM originally announced its quantitative roadmap in 2020. Since then, the company has delivered each of the goals on its timeline. This includes the IBM Eagle processor, a 127-qubit processor with quantum circuits that could not be exactly reliably emulated on a classical computer, whose architecture laid the foundation for processors with increasingly more qubits. In addition, IBM delivered a 120-fold acceleration in the ability to simulate a molecule using the Qiskit Runtime, IBM’s containerized quantum computing service and programming model, compared to a previous experience in 2017. Later this year, IBM expects to continue the goals previously set on Its roadmap and the unveiling of its 433-kilobit processor, the IBM Osprey.

In 2023, IBM will advance its goals of building a frictionless development experience with Qiskit Runtime and workflows built directly in the cloud, to bring a serverless approach into the core quantum software stack and give developers advanced simplicity and flexibility. This serverless approach will also represent a critical step in achieving intelligent and efficient problem distribution across quantum and classical systems. On the hardware front, IBM plans to introduce the IBM Condor, the world’s first universal quantum processor with more than 1,000 qubits.

IBM Quantum Roadmap

“The new quantum roadmap shows how we intend to achieve the scale, quality, and speed of computing needed to unleash the promise of quantum technology,” said Jay Gambetta, Vice President of Quantum Computing and IBM Fellow. “By combining modular quantum processors with a classical infrastructure, organized by the Qiskit Runtime, we are building a platform that allows users to easily create quantum computations in their workflows and thus meet the fundamental challenges of our time.”

Introducing standard quantum computing

With this new roadmap, IBM is targeting three systems for scalability for its quantum processors.

The first involves building capabilities for classic communication and parallelization of operations across multiple processors. This will open the way to a broader set of technologies needed for practical quantum systems, such as improved error mitigation techniques and intelligent workload coordination, by combining classical computing resources with quantum processors that can extend in size.

The next step in introducing a scalable architecture involves deploying short-range couplers at the chip level. These couplers will closely connect multiple chips together to effectively form a single, larger processor and provide core modularity that is key to scaling.

The third component to achieving true scalability involves providing quantum communication links between quantum processors. To do this, IBM has proposed quantum communication links to link groups together in a larger quantum system.

These three scalability technologies will be leveraged to achieve IBM’s 2025 goal: a 4000+ qubit processor Built with multiple sets of modular processors.

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Building the fabric of quantum-centric supercomputing

In parallel with hardware breakthroughs, IBM’s roadmap targets software milestones to improve bug prevention and mitigation. Current advances with these technologies improve the ability of quantum software to reduce the impact of noise on user applications and pave the way toward error-corrected quantum systems in the future.

Earlier this year, IBM released the Qiskit Runtime primitives that summarize common quantum hardware queries used in algorithms into easy-to-use interfaces. In 2023, IBM plans to expand these primitives, with capabilities that will allow developers to run them on parallel quantum processors and thus speed up user application.

These initial elements will advance IBM’s goal of introducing Quantum Serverless to its core software suite in 2023, enabling developers to easily take advantage of flexible classical and quantum resources. As part of the updated roadmap, Quantum Serverless will also lay the foundation for core functionality within IBM’s suite of software for intelligent swapping and switching between classic and quantum flexible resources; Shaping the fabric of quantum supercomputing.

The new systems targeted in IBM’s Extended Quantum Roadmap will be designed to operate within the second IBM Quantum System. By integrating modules and flexibility at each layer of the technology stack, the second IBM Quantum System will provide the infrastructure needed to successfully interconnect multiple quantum processors. A prototype of this system is scheduled to be commissioned in 2023.

IBM Quantum Safe

Today’s announcement includes a commitment to expand IBM’s security leadership to take cyber resilience to a new level and protect data from future threats that could evolve with anticipated advances in quantum computing. There is a significant concern that data considered securely protected today could actually be lost to a future quantum opponent if stolen or harvested now for future decryption. All data – past, present, and future – that is not protected with quantum secure security may one day be at risk. It follows that the longer the transition to quantum security standards is delayed, the more unsafe the data remains.

IBM is home to some of the world’s best cryptographers who have developed quantum secure schemes that will be able to offer practical solutions to this problem. Currently, IBM works in close collaboration with its academic and industry partners, as well as the US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), to bring these schemes to the forefront of data security technologies.

In addition, IBM is announcing the upcoming IBM Quantum Safe suite of cryptographic technologies and consulting expertise designed to protect the most valuable data for customers in the quantum age.

IBM’s Quantum Safe Wallet aims to help our customers by providing:

  • education To understand what’s different with the new quantum secure cryptography and what the implications are for the enterprise. Designed for security professionals and executives, IBM Safe Quantum Awareness The service provides a regular flow of strategic insights for the transition to the new generation of secure quantum cryptography.
  • strategic direction From IBM Consulting through the IBM Quantum Safe Scope Garage workshop. The new program will provide first-step guidance and education for prioritizing enterprise quantitative secure initiatives tailored to organizational risk, IT strategy, supply chain dependencies, and ecosystem operations.
  • Risk assessment and detection Use automation to create cryptographic inventory, dependencies, and security situations. For example, TSS zSystem Technical Services offers a zSystem Quantum Safe Assessment which allows organizations to quickly understand vulnerabilities to quantum crypto attacks.
  • Migration to fast and secure quantum cryptography To enable organizations with modern and flexible models, such as crypto services. For example, IBM has already implemented agile quantum secure cryptography to build the z16, IBM’s first quantum secure mainframe computer system to use quantum secure cryptography.

Statements regarding IBM’s future direction and intentions are subject to change or withdrawal without notice and represent goals and objectives only.

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Media contact:

Hugh Collins
IBM Research Communications

Irene Angelini
IBM Research Communications